Posted in Car Accidents on October 28, 2021
Like many states in recent years, Nevada has passed laws requiring drivers in the state to have their motor vehicles undergo smog checks and other inspections before registering them. These requirements are meant to reduce emissions and help the environment. As of 2022, these are the car inspection laws and requirements that you must follow before you register and operate a motor vehicle in Nevada.
Nevada law makes it mandatory to bring a vehicle in for certain inspections before you can register the car. The main inspection law has to do with smog and vehicle emissions, but this is only necessary if you are based in the areas of Clark or Washoe county. An emissions test measures the level of smog, or pollutants, released into the air by the vehicle. These pollutants include carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons. The state is working to reduce air pollution caused by these emissions through the Nevada Emission Control Program. This test must be performed to initially register a vehicle, as well as at each annual renewal. Your registration renewal notice will let you know if a new emissions test is required.
Most vehicles powered by gas and diesel and produced after 1968 have to pass vehicle emissions testing periodically during ownership. However, this requirement does not apply to newly purchased vehicles which are exempt until their fourth registration. Hybrid vehicles are exempt for the first five years after the model year of the vehicle. It also does not apply to motorcycles, motorized bicycles, scooters and diesel-powered motor vehicles that weigh over 14,000 pounds.
If your car fails an emissions test, you must pay to complete the necessary repairs at a licensed facility. Then, you must submit to another emissions inspection to determine if your repaired vehicle now complies with Nevada’s emissions requirements. If you fail the test a second time, you may receive a waiver to wait until your next registration renewal to take another emissions test. The results of an emissions inspection are valid for 90 days. When a vehicle is purchased from a Nevada dealer, the test will be valid for 180 days from the date the vehicle was tested.
If you move to Nevada from another state with your vehicle, you have 30 days to have your car registered with Nevada plates. You must have the title to the vehicle, an up-to-date registration, a vehicle inspection certificate, a Nevada emission vehicle inspection report and a completed application for new vehicle registration to do so. If you fail to switch your plates within about a month of moving to Nevada, you could face fines and other penalties, such as the temporary suspension of your driver’s license.
If you live in Nevada but purchase a car from an out-of-state dealer, you must still get it registered in the State of Nevada. You must do this using the title or leasing agreement, proof of car insurance, the bill of sale from the dealer, an odometer reading for the vehicle, the vehicle inspection report and certificate, and a completed application for vehicle registration.
If you buy a car that is already in Nevada, all you need is proof of car insurance, a copy of the report of sale from the dealership, the Nevada emission vehicle inspection report and your completed application for registration. You do not need an approved vehicle inspection certificate if you purchase a vehicle from a dealership in Nevada.
If Nevada’s car inspection laws in 2022 require your vehicle to undergo smog or emissions testing before you can register your car or renew the registration, comply with these requirements before getting back on the road to avoid penalties. If a police officer stops you for an expired registration or smog inspection sticker, you may be required to get the proper inspection certificate and registration within 14 days. Then, you will need to submit proof of your compliance to the courts. Failing to meet the requirements can result in fines and other penalties.
If you get into a car accident with a driver whose vehicle has not passed Nevada’s inspections or is not registered, contact a car accident lawyer to discuss your legal rights.